composer, who was also a gifted singer
Only a few of the 50 operas
he wrote survived, and nowadays Albinoni is
mainly famous for the Adagio in G minor,
reconstructed from his manuscript by Remo
Giazotto in the 20th
and has become one of the most popular classical works around the world.
A forgotten Italian
composer; the "Miserere"
a long 9 part religious
piece he wrote was solely in the possession of the Catholic Church, never
notated nor copied; Mozart
memorized and later notated this long, polyphonic
piece, with no mistakes whatsoever.
composer of classical music, including the
and "The Typewriter",
written for the famous "Boston Pops"
Among the giants of jazz.
A singer, a trumpet
player and a popular composer who became the
ambassador of jazz music around the world. Famous for his rugged bass
and warm trumpet improvisation (credited with starting the tradition of
improvised solos thatís considered one of jazz musicís signs). Among his
famous songs - "Hello Dolly"
and "What a Wonderful World".
Aged 11, he was sent to an orphanage by the young delinquents' court. It
was there where he learned to play the trumpet
and the clarinet.
When he was 17, he joined his first jazz band, starting a glamorous career,
begun as an instrumentalist, later switching to singing, due to a medical
condition preventing him from playing for a few months. Armstrong invented
a style of singing, where the vocalist uses meaningless syllables to emulate
an instrumental solo. He became a successful artist and a leader of great
jazz bands, especially the "Louis Armstrong
Stars" which toured the world and swept
up millions in the love of jazz.
composer and singer
who became one of the pillars of art and popular
music of the Arab nations, and participated in hundreds of films, in which
he performed his songs.
Johann Sebastian Bach's
third son, and an independently important composer. A pioneer in the allegro-sonata
form and the symphony,
and a skillful pianist
player. Was court musician for the King of
Friedrich the Great.
Johann Sebastian Bach's
youngest son, who lived many years in London
and was called, therefore, "the English"
Bach. He taught music to the royal family and wrote music in many forms,
to instrumental forms as symphonies. After hearing his music in London,
admired him and copied his composition style in his works.
Johann Sebastian Bach's
eldest son, and a composer himself.
composer. His works include two symphonies and the operas
"A Hand of Bridge" and "Antony
and Cleopatra" . But his most famous work is the Adagio
William "Bill" Basie
A well-known jazz
composer and leader of a successful Swing
band in the 1930's and 1940's in the United
Rock band from Liverpool.
One of the most important popular music bands of all times. Members of
the band, Paul McCartney,
and Ringo Starr,
became famous for their sweeping Rock and
music, but later in their career, the band was not just satisfied with
the astonishing admiration they gained, and was in constant search for
new musical sources of inspiration, from traditional Hindu
music, to the psychedelic music of the end
of the 1960's. The great legacy of this band continues to fascinate pop
fans till now, but the hopes for their reunion were dashed with John Lennon's
assassination by a lunatic fan in 1980. Their best album, considered one
of the best pop records of all times, is "Sergeant
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band". Among
their greatest hits: "Let it be"
and "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds".
A well-known opera
writer who, together with Donizetti
was a central artist in the Italian
opera of early Romanticism.
He composed captivating melodies that allowed singers to display their
high ability. "Norma"
is one of his famous operas.
composer, born in Germany,
who was affected by Jewish music and its tradition, already in his native
country. Having immigrated to Palestine in
1933, he became the pillar of Israeli music and one of the leaders of the
school, combining oriental
elements with western writing and orchestration.
He won the state award in Israel for his "Neim
Zmirot Israel", and his first symphony
is one of his important works.
born composer who wrote in the dodecaphonic
and was one of the leaders of this trend. His works, such as the opera
are considered the most important 12-tone pieces.
composer who uses a graphic notation
technique and quotations from other musical
pieces in his works (sort of a musical collage). Was engaged in electronic
too, for a while.
A well known Jewish American
and conductor, who was also an intriguing
composer; he wrote in a variety of styles, from musicals
(such as the successful "Westside Story"),
(music in a free, light style), to symphonic
music, like "Jeremiah".
Was the conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.
1400 - 1460
Composer from the Netherlands,
who worked at the court of Burgundy. Along with Dufay (whom he knew) and
Dunstable, Binchois is generally regarded as a major figure in 15th-century
music. Although he composed much simple sacred music (masses,
he is mainly remembered for his secular chansons,
mostly in the rondeau form, with texts dealing with courtly love.
composer, healer and prophet. Hildgegard of Bingen began having
visions as a child, but it wasn't until she was in her forties that her
revelations in Christianity made her turn to composing. She founded convents
and wrote plays, liturgies and hymns in praise of saints. Her compositions
continue to be performed and recorded today. Incredibly prolific, she was
also considered a healer and early theologian and she was venerated by
A Jewish Swiss composer,
many of whose works drew their inspiration from Jewish themes. He was a
clock and watch merchant who wrote music in his free time. After moving
to the United States
he composed many pieces, among which "Israel"
- a Symphony
on a Jewish theme, and a rhapsody
composer who operated most of his life in
He was a virtuoso cellist
and composed many and diverse chamber
works. He also wrote 10 cello concertos
that demanded extraordinary skill from the
soloist, and 18 symphonies,
although less known.
composer who won most of his fame for the
concerti for cello and violin,
and less for his pieces for choirs
and orchestras; viewed as a Romantic
composer, although he lived long into the
A composer and an excellent pianist.
and supported the return to melody and Neo-classicism,
unlike the atmosphere of his time, of trying to keep from melody towards
something else, new directions.
A virtuoso organist
who had a tremendous impact on Johann
(who walked 200 miles on foot in order to hear him play), and a conductor
composer who, alongside Palestrina,
was a grand polyphonist
in his time, the late Renaissance.
His work is diverse in nature, but he particularly excelled in madrigals.
composer, whose artistic path was full of fascinating musical experiments,
known for developing aleatory
music (music created by the combination of
composer, mostly remembered for his contribution
to the development of oratorio
by deploying greater instrumental diversity than before, and by further
is his most famous oratorio.
composer, who worked in many forms, instrumental
and vocal, inspired by Wagner
but nowadays his work is rarely performed, except for a one-movement violin
concertino, called "Poème".
A 20th century
who founded the first symphonic
orchestra in his country.
A fruitful Italian
composer who wrote operas
and religious music, nowadays remembered for
admiration to him, and less for his operas.
composer of the Classic
mainly remembered for his operas buffa.
Was very successful in his time.
Among the leading saxophone
players of American
bandleader and composer who heavily influenced 60's and 70's jazz. Known
as an artist of a unique sound in his improvisations. He was known as a
writer of wonderful jazz ballads, and his improvisation technique, rich
in complex harmonies, saved him a place of honor in jazz history. Among
his famous pieces - "Giant Steps",
His study of African
music eventually led to him to popularize
the soprano saxophone.
composer, who combined in his works folk
techniques. Among his important pieces, "Lincoln's
Portrait" and "Rodeo".
composer and pianist,
who incorporates elements of Latin music and classical
music in his art, familiar to him no less than jazz. He works in a variety
of styles, from free jazz,
and in the past he played in Bebop
ensembles, with Miles
and others. Among his famous works is "Spain"
(with an introduction of a short quotation
from Joaquín Rodrigo's
"Concierto de Arajuez".
A virtuoso violinist,
who, as a composer, created the concerto grosso
and had a tremendous impact on Bach.
His influence on the development of the violin in his period was very significant.
He also composed many sonatas,
and 12 concerti grossi for string orchestras.
composer, particularly remembered for his
"The Barber of Baghdad",
one of the very few German operas in his time that does not imitate Wagner's
composer known for his harpsichord
textbook, and for the excellent harpsichord
works. He is also the father of a great dynasty of musicians in France,
just like the Bach
A composer who owes most of his publicity today
to the piano
exercises, an inseparable part of modern piano
A diverse Swiss
composer and teacher, whose significance is
mostly in being the developer of Eurhythmics,
a system of physical training by rhythmical movement to music. In 1915,
he founded the Institut Jaques-Dalcroze in Geneva.
bandleader and composer whose straightforward trumpet
playing set him apart from the virtuoso Bebop
players of the 50's. One of the first to experiment with ďmodal
where extended solos are played on top of one - or two - note accompaniments.
Used electronic instruments to create an original kind of jazz-rock fusion
music that was featured on his influential 1969 album "Bitches
A successful French
composer of operas
and graceful ballets ("Coppelia").
composer, born in England,
who wrote Romantic
music affected by impressionism.
He was also influenced by the music of Afro-Americans, having stayed in
the United States
for a while. At the end of his life he became blind and crippled, yet continued
to compose various pieces.
composer who won his place in the history
books mainly for Beethoven's
In 1819, the Viennese music publisher Anton Diabelli circulated a waltz
of his own invention to 50 composers, each
of whom was requested to contribute a variation to the collective project.
Beethoven at first disdained the theme, but then overreacted to Diabelli's
invitation, conceiving not one, but 33 variations.
of the greatest artists of Italian
in the early 19th
Wrote technically demanding works, that allowed opera singers of his period
to show off their remarkable vocal capacity. Among his important operas:
the eternal "The Elixir of Love"
di Lammermoor" and "The
Daughter of the Regiment" (La
fille du régiment).
An Irish renaissance
composer, who wrote many madrigals
and was one of the best lute players of his
Among the significant Flemish
composers in the 15th century. He was a priest,
and wrote many masses
but also a lot of secular music (more than 70 chansons).
The mass "Se la face ay pale",
based on a chanson he himself composed, is his most important piece. His
other famous mass is based on the most popular secular cantus
composer mainly famous for his programme
and especially for his brilliant "The
Sorcerer's Apprentice", one of best-known
program pieces ever written.
composer and a great polyphonist,
who wrote different sorts of religious music, from masses
and some secular work as well. Very famous in his time, and a gifted mathematician.
Among the predominant American
composers of the 20th
Wrote many of the famous jazz songs, such as "Satin
Doll" and "Take
the A Train", constituting masterpieces
of jazz legacy to this very day. He founded and ran excellent jazz bands,
which he also conducted, and is considered the most fruitful of jazz composers
in history (more than 1,000 orchestral pieces). As one of the founders
of big-band jazz, he wrote scores based on each band memberís unique sound.
A Rumanian composer;
many of his works incorporate Rumanian folk elements.
composer, whose best-known piece is his Requiem.
It was his biggest success, although he composed other wonderful pieces,
such as the 13 nocturnes
for piano, and the opera
- all peaks of his art, yet less popular.
A contemporary German
composer who writes in a variety of styles,
from serial music
to American folk music.
who served as an organist
most of his life. Only in his old age, did
he become successful, thanks to a string quartet, even though he also wrote
some orchestral works and versatile organ music.
A late Renaissance
composer. Was the church organist
of Saint Marcus Cathedral in Venice.
Among his works, organ music, motets
and many pieces for woodwinds.
nephew, who inherited his place as church organist
of Saint Marcus Cathedral in Venice.
Was the teacher of composer Heinrich Schütz,
and a writer of both vocal and instrumental music. He created the first
known instrumental work to have markings in the score to indicate changes
in volume dynamics.
Gabrieli is also one of the first to specify the instruments to be employed
for the various parts of a musical work.
composer, among Handel's
contemporaries, whose piece "The Beggar's
Opera" won tremendous success, mocking
different phenomena in English society of his time, including the music
and melodies of Handel, who closed his opera house because of him.
A composer of madrigals
who varied his music through novel, bold chromaticism, that was one of
the elements delivering the end to the old-fashioned ancient mode system.
bandleader and composer who, with Charlie
and Thelonious Monk,
were the architects of the modern jazz style known as Bebop.
His dazzlingly fast syncopated solos, bold harmonies and formidable range
made audiences gasp. His improvisations chopped melodies into unprecedented
chord progressions and rhythms. Through his work with Cuban percussionists,
he helped introduce Afro-Cuban rhythms such as the mambo, to American jazz
A predominant American
composer in the 20th century
An important Russian
composer who was also Rimsky-Korsakov's
student. Wrote national
Russian music, and later in his life, also universal and cosmopolitic music.
composer, considered the father of Russian national
music. His national works include the opera
"Ruslan and Lyudmila"
and the folk fantasy
A well known jazz
player, and the manager of a successful jazz band in the 1930's. Was the
central figure in the school of Swing in American
jazz, and one of the only white people who led jazz during those years.
Belgian composer and teacher, lived, since
he was 17 years old, in France
(where he died). Gossec was a pioneer in writing symphonies
in France. Some of his greatest works were written for giant outdoor performances
celebrating the French Revolution, including his Te
Deum for 1,200 voices and 300 wind instruments. He also composed
many operas and ballets.
(c. 540 - 604)
Pope (as Gregory I) credited with the introduction of 'Gregorian
although it is likely that his contribution was one of standardization
and organization rather than composition.
c. 990 - c. 1050
monk and musical theorist from Arezzo. While training singers for
the cathedrals, he developed the hexachord, a six-note scale used to aid
sight-singing. The notes were named after the first syllables of the first
six lines of the "Hymn to St. John the Baptist":
ut, re, mi, fa, sol, and la. This became the basis of later systems of
solmization. Guido also developed the Guidonian hand, a mnemonic device
that gave note names to the tips and joints of the fingers, and popularized
the use of coloured lines in written music to indicate pitch.
de la Halle
composer and poet (trouver). Composed many
"Robin et Marion" is
his most important work.
A popular Egyptian
musician. Mostly sang national,
anti-colonialist and love songs. He joined the Arabic Music Institute in
Cairo in 1941 and became famous for singing the songs of Mohamed
He sang expressive poems by poets such as Ahmed
Shafeeq Kamel, Abdul
Rahman Al Abnoudi and Salah
Among the greatest American
players of the 20th
remembered as the first tenor saxophonist
to have led the tenor to the center-stage.
Thanks to him, the tenor saxophone turned from an accompanying instrument,
to an improviser equal to other members of the jazz band. Hawkins also
turned out to be a gifted composer, and his 1939 record "Body
and Soul" is particularly remembered.
composer who was a member of the famous "Le
consisting of French composers who challenged the conservative music of
their time. His music was versatile and included the oratorio
and the orchestral "Pacifique 231".
composer mostly involved in opera.
A friend of Wagner
and Kurt Weill's
teacher, whose "Hänsel und Gretel"
is the best known of his operas.
A 20th century
composer who was Gabriel Faure's
student. Wrote music in light style; among his works, operas
and orchestral pieces (a flute
concerto and a chamber
concertino for saxophone), and film
composer, who, in addition to being a successful,
wealthy insurance agent, wrote fascinating music that included multi-metre
and multi-rhythm, use of collage and microtones. Of his famous works is
the orchestral "Three Places in New-England".
superstar. When five years old, joined his four brothers in the
family band called "The Jackson Five", and his talent for singing
and dancing made him the star of the band. In 1971, he issued his first
record as an independent artist, and his success ever since is one of the
biggest in the history of pop music. His album "Thriller"
became the all time best selling record in history, and gave him his superstar
status. His music videos are staged as real movies, and he uses them to
demonstrate his dancing and vocal gift. Jackson's concert tours are a huge
composer who only became famous in his old
age. He taught himself music (an autodidact),
and his work, influenced by Czech folk music, includes 11 operas,
such as the famous "Jenufa".
He also composed instrumental music such as the orchestral "Sinfonietta";
his work was also inspired by literature, like Dostoyevsky's
"From the House of the Dead".
He was a choir conductor and wrote the "Glagolitic
Mass", and many other vocal pieces.
Founder of the pianist
"Ragtime" style, which is one of jazz's
forefathers. Wrote famous ragtime pieces, like "The
(mostly remembered from the movie
and writer. Composed operas,
violin concerto, cello
concerto and 3 piano concerti, piano pieces and songs.
A composer of popular
who also wrote several "serious" works such as the orchestral
"The Portrait of Mark Twain".
composer of Spanish
descent. Best remembered for his Symphonie
espagnole (for violin
and orchestra) and the cello concerto.
composer, who lost his sight as child and
lute and flute. A Florentine by
birth, Landini was a leading figure in the ars
Composed over 140 ballatas
(2 part canons), and many madrigals.
He created the "Landini Cadence",
in which the 6th degree is inserted between the leading-note and the octave.
This cadence was used in works of Guillaume
Josquin des Préz,
di Lasso, Orlande de Lassus
A particularly fertile Flemish composer, who
wrote over 2000 pieces, including madrigals,
and German lieder.
composer who became famous for his "The
Clowns" (I Pagliacci),
one of the best operas of the "opera
style, a school that believed in writing operas on realistic topics from
the lives of contemporary people, instead of mythological and medieval
themes. His late operas were less successful, as "La
Boheme", that failed facing an opera
on the same plot by Puccini.
c. 1135 - Paris, c. 1201
composer active as church musician in Paris.
Also called 'Magister Leoninus'. The most important composer of organum.
He wrote a 'Magnus liber' - a large book of
chants used at a Paris church (later rebuilt as Notre Dame) for all the
principal feasts of the year. The music of this book is an extension of
a primary improvisatory tradition. A main figure in the 'Ars Antiqua' (Old
Art - The medieval European style, based on plainsong and organum, centered
in the Notre Dame church or Parisian school). Followed by Pérotin.
A contemporary Hungarian-Jewish
origin composer who makes much use of clusters
in his work. The "Kyrie" from the
requiem he wrote
was used in the film soundtrack
of "2001 Space Odyssey".
musician and poet, considered the chief exponent
of 'Ars nova'
One of the most widely celebrated composers in the field of polyphonic
song-writing, his 'Messe
de Notre Dame' is considered the earliest
which is composed entirely by one composer,
and also the first written for four voices. He also wrote motets
to religious texts and dozens of secular love
songs, some in a very intricate scheme of construction, and developed the
Also was involved in diplomacy.
A successful American
star, whose records are sold in the millions around the world. Madonna
owes her success to her provocative music videos, but no less to her ability
to run her business affairs wisely and constantly change her public image.
She is also a capable performer and an actress in movies and musicals,
such as "Evita". Among her greatest
hits: "Like a Virgin", "Frozen",
"Papa don't Preach". Madonna dominates
the media to an unprecedented extent, and she has managed again and again
to raise global interest, provoke the Church and conservative people in
general - which, of course, contributed to her record sales by millions.
composer who wrote 200 madrigals.
Although he never held a church appointment (exceptional for an Italian
of his period), he wrote Mass
and other church music.
A 20th century
composer, affected by Czech folk music, but
was also a firm believer in the Classic forms (neo-classicism)
and in musical impressionism.
composer known for his operas,
and especially "the Envy of the Villager"
(Cavalleria Rusticana), that became one of the classics
of the realist school of late Romanticism
A brilliant French
composer of excellent melodic skill and a
dramatic ability, particularly remembered for his operas, like "Mannon",
according to Goethe's
A 20th century
composer, most of whose writing is in the electronic
composer and organist.
His music shows various influences, from Greek
to Indian rhythms, and Stravinsky
His "Quartet for
the End of Time" was written and first
performed in 1941 in a prison camp in Silesia,
during World War II.
composer who was very successful in Paris
thanks to his operas,
written in the spirit of the Italian school. A composer who won tremendous
adoration in his life as excellent and innovative, revered even by Wagner,
for his amazing mastering of the opera craft. Nowadays snuffed at by experts,
with some exaggeration, who view him as an effect frantic. "The
Huguenots" (Les Huguenots)
and "The Prophet"
(Le Prophète) are two of the operas he wrote and remained
successful after his death.
The Mighty Handful
The Mighty Five. A group of Russian
composers united around the idea of national
Russian music in the 19th
The group consisted of Borodin,
A modern composer who used polytonality in many
of his works. Among his prominent pieces, "The
creation of the world" (La
Création du Monde), combining Blues
Member of the "Le six"
group. Read more here
composer and a famous bass
player, who was also a pianist
and a poet; one of the most important jazz artists of the 20th
with over 300 excellent pieces. He was an amazingly inventive bass player.
Mingus created counter-melodies and sophisticated harmonies, and possessed
a unique sound of his own. His original works are saved in the American
Library of Congress, side by side with manuscripts
composer and pianist,
one of the most important in the 20th century.
Known as the man who, together with Charlie Parker
and Dizzy Gillespie,
developed the Bebop
style in American
jazz. As a pianist, he possessed a unique sound, lacking in virtuosity
and even strange, compared to other leading pianists in his era, but his
playing is considered sophisticated, and demands the listener's attentiveness;
only then, is the geniusy of thematic development and pianistic improvisations
exposed. He used many dissonances and unconventional melodies, and the
audience rejected his music for a long time, whereas jazz musicians worshipped
him. Nowadays his greatness is widely recognized.
among the greatest of the Flemish school,
who was also a professional and successful wandering singer, who traveled
and is especially remembered for his religious music, including motets
composer and singer - one of the greatest counterpoint
composers of the Renaissance.
His most imposing works are his mass settings. He wrote ten complete masses,
some settings of the Ordinary, and a few motets.
The masses are of two kinds; those based on pre-existing material, like
the Missa "L'homme armé",
and those which are freely composed. He also wrote some secular works and
was the teacher of Josquin des Préz.
His 'Missa pro Defunctis'
is the earliest surviving requiem.
A composer born in Germany
(Jewish by descent) who worked in France
and became famous through his popular operettas
such as the successful "Hoffman Stories".
composer and an organist who had a vast influence
on Johann Sebastian Bach's
writing. Particularly known is his passacaglia "Cannon
in D major".
and a jazz
composer, who, together with the pianist
player Dizzy Gillespie,
created the Bebop
style. In many people's opinion, he was a
genius and the greatest alto saxophone player in jazz. He left school at
15, and became a famous professional musician, known to all as "Bird".
He died at only 35 years of age, and became a jazz legend.
Polish composer. He frequently uses sounds
drawn from extra-musical sources, note clusters
and unorthodox effects, as in his "Threnody
for the Victims of Hiroshima". Penderecki's religious works
like the "Polish Requiem" and "Stabat
Mater", include a unique mix of conventional and avant-garde
A genius late Baroque
artist, who died at only 26 years of age. His famous works are the intermezzo
"The Mistress Servant"
(La Serva Padrona), one of the brillinat exemplars
of Opera buffa,
that impressed Verdi
composer who invented recitative
in the opera.
were the first operas ever played on stage, and those were his creation.
Pérotin, Perotin, Perotinus
composer, active in Paris
as choirmaster of today's Notre
Dame Cathedral. A leading exponent of organum,
he composed complex music in the "Ars
(ancient art) style and took a leading part in the
revision of Léonin's theoretical book - the
'Magnus liber'. Among his finest vocal works is the Beata
viscera. Pérotin is also one of the
earliest composers known by their name.
composer and player of the bandoneon
who has successfully taken the tango
music from the working-class dancehalls and nightclubs of Buenos
Aires to the international concert stage.
composer, member of the famous "Le
grouped in Paris,
and although he was of poor musical education, composed many and diverse
pieces, such as the musical joke "The
Policeman Nobody Appreciated".
composer of a large number of madrigals,
He also described the musical theory and instruments of his time in the
book "Syntagma musicum".
One of the biggest successes in Rock and Roll,
known as the pioneer of Rock music. Born in Mississippi,
and a devout Christian, Elvis was exposed to the religious black music
- the gospel,
and also to blues
music. As a young man, he was a truck driver, but later he decided
to start recording songs. The result was amazing: the young white man who
dared to sing in the black style (formerly considered corrupt and decadent)
became the most successful singer
history. He created a new style of performance, and his music was
a breath of fresh air, compared to everything else young people had known
before. His hits "Hound Dog" and
"Don't be cruel" were the onset
to an astonishing career of singing and acting in movies. In the 1960's,
he became addicted to drugs, and during the 1970's he tried to restore
his career, and succeeded in doing so. Yet, his compulsive eating, that
replaced drugs, made him very fat and he lost his beauty and charm. His
death from a heart attack struck his fans, and his Memphis
mansion called "Graceland" became no less than a pilgrimage site.
He is said to have sold more records than any other singer in history.
The composer who holds the record of 300 flute
- more than any other composer in music history.
composer, considered Brahms's
follower, for his meticulous keeping of Classic
patterns and pre-Classic forms, including
theme and variations (like in "Variations
and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart"). He
was a talented organ
improviser, a quality that explains his tendency
derived from improvisation.
A 20th century
composer, most of whose writing is minimalist.
A brilliant Italian
composer who used symphonic
music well, to describe Rome in "Fountains
of Rome" (Fontane di Roma)
and "Pines of Rome"
(Pini di Roma) and other topics, in symphonic
like "The Birds" (Gli
uccelli), describing a bird singing in Roman forests. In his operas,
he was affected by impressionism,
as in "The Flame"
(La Fiamma) and "The
Sunken Bell" (La campana
A Jewish Renaissance
composer, who was one of the central artists
who created the monodic
style in European
instrumental music. He tried to revive the
Jewish synagogue music and bring the spirit of Renaissance to it - by writing
prayers and psalms
music in the contemporary polyphonic
style. This bold attempt was rejected by the
conservative rabbinical establishment of his time.
composer of late
and early 20th century,
one of the neo-classicist
composers, who believed in writing in Classic forms. An important piece
he wrote is "Bacchus and Arian"
(Bacchus et Ariane).
A versatile composer, conductor and a master
teacher, among whose students were Beethoven,
Nowadays, however, he is remembered by many for the evil gossip spread
death, according to which is said that he caused the genius' death, because
Son of Alessandro
and an important composer himself, who wrote mostly for the harpsichord.
He was born in the same year as J.S. Bach
He met Handel in Rome
when they were both 23, and lost in an organ
competition against him whilst they were both equal on the harpsichord.
Schumann (Josephine Wieck)
teacher and composer, mostly for the piano. The wife of the composer Robert
Well known as a leading performer of Schumann's
composer, mostly remembered for his guitar
teaching technique, and the pieces he wrote
for this instrument.
John Philip Sousa
composer of marches ('The Stars and Stripes
Forever' is the most well known) and band-conductor. Also wrote
a few operettas (including "El capitán").
is associated with his name, but was not invented by him.
Rock and Roll
star, known for his songs, which talk of the lives of the American working
class. His protest songs and the energies he transmits in his singing brought
him his unique place in American Rock, which gave him the ultimate nickname,
"The Boss". His albums "Born to Run"
and "Born in the USA" are two of
the most successful in his career, and he is viewed as one of the original,
authentic artists America gave the world.
composer and pioneer in the field of electronic
Innovator in works involving instruments and other media, including interactive
computer music systems. Maker of computer software products for music education
and creativity for children, such as the "Making
Music" and "Making More Music".
composer who particularly excelled in his
(comic operas) "The Mikado"
A central English
composer of the Renaissance.
Among his works, one should mention his 40 (!) voice motet,
"Spem in alium".
master composer mostly remembered for his
works and transcriptions for this instrument,
which still remain in the concert repertoire.
composer who wrote in a variety of vocal and
instrumental forms. His fame came mostly from his opera
"The Midsummer Marriage"
and the oratorio
"A Child of Our Time".
and composer of the Spanish national
school. His famous piece is "The Dew
Parade" (Le procesión
Luis de Victoria
composer, one of the important composers of
religious music in the late Renaissance.
composer who was one of the last Romanticists,
and a great believer in melodic music. Among his important works are the
"Three Norfolk Rhapsodies"
and "Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis".
One of the most important Arab composers in the
history of Arab music. An Egyptian,
who wrote more than a thousand musical pieces in his life, and was among
the grand innovators of Arab art music. He combined many Western classical
elements in his works, many of which were dedicated for the praised Egyptian
Um Kalsum. He
performed many of his own songs, and orchestrated the Egyptian national
anthem, for which he was given a general's rank from the late President
Abdel Wahab is the prominent figure in creating
the pattern of the classic Arab musical film,
combining an extremely emotional, tears-swept story with popular songs,
and throughout the years he also incorporated western styles, such as the
in the sound-scores of those films.
In 1964, his biggest hit came out: "Inta
Omri" (You are my life),
in Um-Kalsum's exciting performance. This song, half an hour long, accompanied
by a large orchestra, became the best selling song in the history of Arab
music, and has had many other performances and interpretations since, by
the best Arab musicians and orchestras.
composer who wrote in pieces in the 12-tone
such as the "Orchestral Variations".
Like Alban Berg,
he was a pupil and one of the most evident sympathizers of Schoenberg.
One of the greatest polyphonists
of Northern Europe.
A Flemish composer
who contributed a great deal to the development of the madrigal.
composer who was one of the greatest writers
art-song - the lied.
He composed the poetry of some of the greatest German poets of his time,
A famous piece he wrote is the "Italian
Serenade" for a small orchestra.
A modern composer who tried new composition techniques,
with various influences, such as free jazz.
He focused on the recurrence phenomenon, thus generating minimalism
as a meaningful trend in the music of the