The modern clarinet
was built in the 17th century by Christoph Dener,
however, the instruments is based on more ancient
instrument, some of which can be found in ancient Egypt. Mozart
was one of the first composers to include it in his work (the
clarinet concerto he wrote two months before his death, is considered
one of the heights of his work), yet its importance grew even more in the
19th century, when Thoebald Bohm, installed
the system of leverages and stops that allow convenient paying.
Apart from the common soprano clarinet,
there are also other members of this family - the alto, the tenor
and bass clarinets. In an orchestra, players sometimes
use clarinets of different tunings, for playing hard keys comfortably.
clarinet Quintet and the A
minor Trio for clarinet, cello and piano, Op. 114, are two of the
pearls of its chamber repertory; Debussy
wrote his Rhapsody for clarinet and orchestra;
composed several concerti for clarinet and orchestra, the best-known
among those is the A minor concerto, Op. 26.
In the traditional Jewish music,
the clarinet holds a central role in 19th century
klezmer bands in Eastern Europe. Its
options enable a range of emotional expression from laughter to
crying and mourning.
Klezmer music, the so-called Jewish "soul music", embraced this
instrument, and players like Giora Fiedman
and Israel Zohar transmit the same warmth
and enthusiasm of Jewish music with their clarinet.
The clarinet was also adopted in jazz
music, though not with the same exhilaration as the saxophone.
is the most famous clarinet jazz player, and composer Aaron
even wrote, by his request, a concerto for clarinet
and a string orchestra, in which he combined elements of jazz and