Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
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Born: 27 January 1756, Salzburg, Austria
Died: 5 December 1791, Vienna, Austria

Mozart (detail) by Krafft in Gesellschaft der Musik-freunde, ViennaMozart, Wolfgang Amadeus

The most wondrous musician in the history of music, in talent and astonishing musical productivity, as a composer. A perfect player and a gifted improviserRondo alla Turca from Sonata No.11 in A, K.331 - Mozart, multitalented and engaged in many aspects of musical art, and a prominent artist in every musical field he was involved in.

Mozart family (1780) by Johann Nepomuk della Croce, Internationale Stiftung Mozarteum, SalzburgMozart was born in SalzburgMozart birth house. He was discovered as a child prodigy by his musician father, who took him and his sister for very successful tours around Europe. He became a trained composer, and was acknowledged as a composer by the age of 13, as well as an improviser and a musician of outstanding musical recall. In his visit to Rome, he notated by memory Allegri's "Miserere", a long 9 part religious piece, that was forbidden to copy or publish.

As a grownup man he moved to ViennaMozart's Figaro house. His great operas ('The Marriage of Figaro"The Marriage of Figaro - Mozart ("La Noza di Figgaro"), "Don Giovanni", "All Women Behave Alike" ("Cosi Fan Tuti") and "The Magic Flute"Finale, Papageno from the opera 'The Magic Flute' K.620 - Mozart ("Die Zauberflöte")), symphonies (especially Symphony No. 401st movement (Molto Allegro) from Symphony No.40 in Gm, K.550 - Mozart, and No. 41 - "Jupiter"1st movement (Allegro vivace) from Symphony No. 41 in C, K.551 'Jupiter' - Mozart), chamber music and concertos (among which the famous Piano Concerto No. 21 in C major, K4672nd Movement from the Piano Concerto No. 21 in C major, K467 - MozartPiano concerto No. 21 - Mozart) - these are only a handful of the output produced by the most fruitful composer in music history. Writing down music was pure technicality for him - all of it was created inside his head and was written with no drafts or corrections.

Mozart the kid (1763) by Lorenzoni, Mozarteum, Salzburg

But the greatest of geniuses had a freelance career that brought him and his family no financial security. He died when he was 35 years old, in poverty, and since he did not have the money to buy a burial plot, Mozart was buried in a mass grave unknown to us. The "Requiem"Requiem aeternam (from Introitus) from the Requiem, K.626 - Mozart he wrote at the end of his life was indeed an interment prayer for the greatest martyr of music. It was completed by Mozart's pupil Süssmayer after the composer's death.

An anecdote about the admiration to MozartAs an international musician, Mozart had a vast impact on many, including the elderly Haydn, and young Beethoven, who studied his chamber musicPart 1 of the Clarinet quintet in A, K.581 - MozartPart of the String quartet No.1 in G, K.80 - Mozart in depth. The giants of opera like Rossini and Verdi adored his writing, and Wagner said he was "the greatest of god's geniuses". Mozart's compositions are marked by K. numbering as they were catalogued by the musicologist Köchel in the 19th century.

"The Queen of the Night" from the opera "The Magic Flute" by Mozart (Singer: Diana Damrau)

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